Maryland finished second in a Tax Foundation analysis of effective car rental excise taxes – ranked from highest to lowest.
Of the 44 states that have rental car excise taxes, Maryland levies an effective tax rate of 11.5 percent on such rentals.
State and local government agencies have used rental car excise taxes to generate funds for projects such as sports stadiums, according to the Tax Foundation analysis. Because these rental car taxes are placed on top of other taxes and fees, including sales taxes and airport concession fees, consumers can pay taxes on their rentals of more than 30 percent, the study says.
Such levies represent an unstable taxation policy, since they allow a state to focus solely on a single industry and place most of the burden on out-of-state residents, according to the study. States that tax rental cars can also experience lower economic growth as travelers look to other strategies to avoid the excise tax, the foundation reported
Six states – Oregon, California, Idaho, Nebraska, Georgia and Ohio – do not levy excise taxes on rental cars.
Rental Car Excise Taxes by State
|Rank||State||Effective Car Rental Excise Tax Rate|
|3 (tie)||New Jersey||10.0%|
|12 (tie)||North Carolina||8.0%|
|12 (tie)||Rhode Island||8.0%|
|14 (tie)||South Dakota||6.0%|
|14 (tie)||New York||6.0%|
|24 (tie)||South Carolina||5.0%|
|41 (tie)||West Virginia||2.0%|